During the war of 1812, September 13-14, 1814. British troops had landed and were approaching the city of Baltimore in force to raze the city.
The citizens of Baltimore had a home militia. Citizens of Baltimore hastily built trenches to form a line to stop the advance of the British troops. You need to understand that at that time in history, the British soldier was the best and most experienced soldiers in the world. Many of these troops were involved with defeating Napoleon earlier in the year.
For the British, their plan was to take the city by sailing their warships into Baltimore harbor to shell the city. Also the ground troops would move in and burn the city of Baltimore to the ground.
Fort McHenry stood in the way of the plan. The British felt they could obliterate the fort and then move on the city.
|Fort McHenry defenses|
The massive shelling of the fort inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner.
After the shelling, the ships had depleted their ammunition and were forced to withdraw.
The citizen militia challenged and stopped the British ground troops. The British General was killed during the battle.
Fort McHenry is a national shrine.
The original flag is located at the Smithsonian museum. The flag of 1814 had 15 stars and 15 bars.
|Raising the flag in the morning at Fort McHenry. Visitors are asked to help hold the flag as it is being raised.|